Ad airing had no association with the important outcomes Personalized effectiveness, Uncomfortable, Effective or Discuss. The categorical ad rating responses from Part 1 were recoded into binary responses for logistic regression analyses. Bold figures highlight those ads that were not rated significantly lower than the highest rated ad for each outcome at P < .05. Roy Morgan. Therefore, widely airing these types of mainstream ads in media channels popular with Indigenous smokers (mainstream and targeted) is likely to increase quitting behaviour, given perceived message effectiveness has previously been shown to predict behavioural intentions . Analyses adjusted for ad order, location, age, gender, parental status, highest level of educational attainment, number of cigarettes smoked each day, quitting intentions and previous quit attempts. It shows that maybe the Indigenous are less smart than non-Indigenous are’. I am always afraid of bad news. Anti-Smoking Campaign Effectiveness. It gives the impression he is talking to you’. Significant difference between groups: *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001. This change encompasses: The potential to reach people of low socio-economic status (SES) who smoke via a number of broad media channels is detailed in Table 1. Back in the clinic, the voiceover says ‘Don’t make your children smoke’. White V, Tan N, Wakefield M, Hill D. Do adult focused anti-smoking campaigns have an impact on adolescents? 2011;26(6):961–75. However, it is not yet clear whether these effects also hold for Indigenous people. Moving awkwardly, he looks at the camera and speaks in short bursts with a raspy breathless voice, with words in sub-text: ‘They call it throat cancer. The camera focuses first upon the surgeon and then his unconscious patient; a Caucasian male around 40 years old. The second objective of this study is to assess the potential effectiveness in Indigenous smokers of different types of typically aired mainstream messages. (AnIF18-25). Funding anti-smoking advertising at the levels required to effectively prompt and maintain smoking cessation remains a high priority considering the extensive social and economic costs of smoking. The wheezing sound was attention grabbing across a range of the groups with some commenting that they also made the same sound when breathing: ‘Very relatable, makes you feel like quitting’. No quitline end tag appeared in this ad. Indigenous smokers were more likely to give higher ratings than non-Indigenous smokers for the reflective and positive ads Which disease and Family time. Although the simulation ad (Bubblewrap) was rated lower relative to other ads, the results were consistent with previous Australian research, in that there was no difference in ratings between Indigenous and non-Indigenous participants for this ad . Research has shown that national mass media communication campaign is one of the most effective means of raising awareness of the real health harms of tobacco and second-hand smoke, deterring youth from initiating tobacco use, urging smokers to comply with smoke-free laws and encouraging smokers to stop smoking. The ad that included Indigenous people, ‘Billy’, was rated significantly higher on message acceptance, Personalized effectiveness, Uncomfortable and Effective by Indigenous smokers compared with non-Indigenous smokers. Effect of varenicline for smoking cessation in adolescents - Authors' reply. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. It begins with a woman returning a pack of cigarettes to a shopkeeper, saying, ‘Oh, I’d rather not have mouth cancer, can you give me something else?’ The scene cuts to a supermarket with a mother and two kids at the checkout. For permissions, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org, Adherence to COVID-19 mitigation measures among American adults: the need for consistent and unified messaging, Identifying knowledge, self-efficacy and response efficacy of alternative discipline strategies among low-income Black, Latino and White parents, Testing risk and protective factor assumptions in the Icelandic model of adolescent substance use prevention, Lessons learnt from the field: a qualitative evaluation of adolescent experiences of a universal mental health education program, Effectiveness of pictographs in improving patient education outcomes: a systematic review, Appendix A: Anti-smoking advertisement descriptions, http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/_files_nhmrc/file/health_ethics/human/conduct /guidelines/e52.pdf, http://abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/mf/4714.0/, http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/4722.0.55.004/, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, The role of social norms in the relationship between anti-smoking advertising campaigns and smoking cessation: a scoping review, Using graphic warning labels to counter effects of social cues and brand imagery in cigarette advertising, Advertisement of electronic cigarettes in Italy: characteristics of online videos and the most popular promotional messages, ‘You could get sick, disgusting’: an analysis of alcohol counter-advertisements created by children. TR was responsible for drafting and reviewing the manuscript and TC was responsible for reviewing and editing the manuscript. Elser H, Hartman-Filson M, Alizaga N, Vijayaraghavan M. Exposure to pro- and anti-tobacco messages online and off-line among people experiencing homelessness. Some participants felt that Anthony was speaking directly to them: ‘I like how at the end he looks back at the camera. Similar to Alive, participants appreciated that this ad was not specific to any gender or ethnicity: ‘All smokers, we’ve all got lungs!’ (RnIM18-28). Time for a smoke!’ and Roseanne points out ‘I would make the time for cigarettes—but not anymore!’ The screen fades to black as Roseanne is talking and an end tag with the words: ‘www.quit.org.nz’, ‘For low-cost patches and gum’, ‘Quit’ and ‘Me Mutu’ appear on the screen. Indigenous participants reported they heard about the Quitline (38%), after referrals from health professionals (46%) . In another study, in three remote Aboriginal communities, more Aboriginal people recalled a widely broadcast national mainstream campaign than any other cessation intervention, and although the overall cessation rate was low, a small number of smokers reported having quit as a result of seeing the advertisements . The early anti-smoking campaign was considered a failure, and from 1933 to 1937 there was a rapid increase in tobacco consumption in Germany. Each session lasted approximately 1.5–2 hours, with the quantitative ratings sections typically lasting 30–40 minutes. Available from: 12. Generally, this ad made parents think about the effects of their smoking on their children: ‘It leaves me feeling concerned about my own smoking and the people I’d leave behind’. The results of this research highlight that this balance could be easily achieved by using the strong graphic and emotive ads, which are likely to resonate with both Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups. 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