{ bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_btmslot' }}]}, * SWB var pbDesktopSlots = [ { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_mpuslot' }}, This must be the most boring party I’ve ever been to. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, Look at these examples in the Present Simple tense: In general, have to expresses impersonal obligation. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776476', position:'atf' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_btmslot' }}]}, name: "identityLink", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776308', position:'atf' }}, Must expresses what the speaker thinks is necessary. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12526109' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_mpuslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_mpuslot_mobile_flex' }}, By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. 'have to' English grammar exercises and games using vocabulary based around household chores, students can play games to practice vocabulary, spelling, listening and conversational exchanges. What's that noise? * free dfpSlots['contentslot_1'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], [1, 1], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_1').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('si', '1').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971143', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220611', size: [336, 280] }}, var pbHdSlots = [ var pageUrlSetting = location.protocol + '//' + location.host + location.pathname; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_mpuslot' }}]}]; googletag.pubads().setTargeting("old_dc", "english"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776310', position:'btf' }}, dictCodesArr["english"] = { The lion is trying to sleep. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280], [1, 1]] } }, In the have to structure, "have" is a … name: "idl_env", 'max': 30, description : 'Search Oxford Advanced American Dictionary', Jenny has to do homework every evening. We have to hand them in tomorrow. }); addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776476', position:'atf' }}, The present simple third person singular is has: We usually have breakfast at about eight. They __ wear jeans to school. Must and have to express obligation or necessity: The main differences between must and have to are: Must means "really should or else it will be bad for you", it expresses an obligation forced by the speaker. Look at the time. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220611', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_SR' }}, I have to arrive at work at 9 sharp. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("old_l", "en"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971142', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Make sure to point out that 'have to' is used for daily routines while 'must' is used for strong personal obligation. Look at these examples: In each of the above cases, the obligation is not the subject's opinion or idea. priceGranularity: customGranularity, MES Games offers online games to learn English grammar, spelling and conversational phrases in use. filter: 'include' { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_topslot_728x90' }}, pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, {code: 'ad_leftslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[160, 600]] } }, Got non è un semplice rafforzativo del verbo to have, è il participio passato del verbo get – got – got, che, tra gli altri significati, ha anche quello di ottenere. We can use have to in all tenses, and also with modal auxiliaries. Task No. NOTE: "have to" is conjugated as a regular verb and therefore requires an auxiliary verb in the question form or negative. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp'); The verb to have as a main verb. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_leftslot' }}, 'cap': true url : 'schulwoerterbuch_English-German', We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. We use will have when we are looking back from a point in time in the future:. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529666' }}, ga('create', 'UA-13175707-1', Grammar Exercise: Can, Have to. 'increment': 0.01, * free free: false "Have to" is used to express certainty, necessity, and obligation. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("old_ei", "have-to"); A differenza di Must, Have To è un verbo regolare e pertanto è variabile e necessita degli ausiliari nelle forme interrogativa e negativa. googletag.cmd.push(function() { dictCodesArr["academic"] = { Modal verbs have only one form. free: false syncDelay: 3000 They have no, Modal verbs are followed by the infinitive of another verb without. must / have (got) to / must not / don’t have to. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, You've got to try this recipe—it's delicious. iasLog("criterion : sfr = old_dict_english"); } dfpSlots['topslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529703' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971143', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [320, 100] }}, },{ var dfpSlots = {}; var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([745, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, When we are talking about another person's obligation we use have … { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220610', size: [160, 600] }}, Level: Pre-Intermediate. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971158', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971144', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, English grammar tips with Gymglish, online English lessons. Have to is objective. Short stories. iasLog("criterion : old_pr = free"); initAdSlotRefresher(); We often use have to to say that something is obligatory, for example: Have to is often grouped with modal auxiliary verbs for convenience, but in fact it is not a modal verb. iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); var pbTabletSlots = [ var pbMobileLrSlots = [ da English Grammar Today Have got to and have to mean the same. {code: 'ad_btmslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, Level: Elementary to Pre-Intermediate Time: Approx 20 minutes Must is subjective. }; Look at these examples: We can use must not to talk about the present or the future: We cannot use must not to talk about the past. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, It's half past five. description : 'Search Oxford Collocations Dictionary', We use other structures to talk about the past, for example: © 1997-2021 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997. Discuss the differences between 'have to' and 'must' in the positive form. The subject of have to is obliged or forced to act by a separate, external power (for example, the Law or school rules). You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. Match left and right to make sentences with 'must' and 'have to'. He has (got) to be the worst actor on TV! }; In British English, we often use ‘have got to’ to mean the same as ‘have … pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; For each question, write in the space ONLY the correct number to match with the question number on the left.Example: if you think the first question on the right goes with number 7 … Grammar explanation at A2 level. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971141', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, * free name: "pbjs-unifiedid", {code: 'ad_topslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [320, 50] }}, params: { I must finish this essay today. In this usage, it is a transitive verb, and must therefore be followed by a direct object.The direct object of to have can be a noun, a noun group, a pronoun or a numeral. (It’s the law.) I have got = ho ottenuto >>>possiedo >>>ho. When you are unsure about what is expected of you in a situation, you can ask about obligations: used to give advice or recommend something. bidders: '*', { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971141', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, used to suggest that an annoying event happens in order to annoy you, or that somebody does something in order to annoy you. { have to, has to in English - Free Online exercise. I’m going out tomorrow. By the end of the decade, scientists will have discovered a cure for influenza. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. 1. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220612', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12526109' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", pageUrlSetting); * OLDAE NB: like all auxiliary verbs, must CANNOT be followed by to. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529703' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776310', position:'btf' }}, The present simple third person singular is has: We usually have breakfast at about eight. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_leftslot' }}, I have to finish this essay today. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971143', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529667' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776322', position:'atf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_mpuslot' }}, In English, we use "must" and "have to" to express a strong rule or law. Grammar reference and practice exercise for learners of English as a second language. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); url : 'collocations', In British schools, pupils __ wear a uniform. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220611', size: [336, 280] }}, },{ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "old_dict_english"); I will phone at six o'clock. You can change your cookie settings at any time. {code: 'ad_topslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_topslot_728x90' }}, Short stories. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_mpuslot_flex' }}, Do we say "I must do my homework" or "I have to do my homework"? The voyage of the animal orchestra. We include have to here for convenience. Who's making a noise? iframe: { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, * false || false*/ googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Have to "Have to" is used to show that a person is obliged to do something, usually by an outside force, have to can also be used to give your opinion: You have to show your passport at passport control. dictCodesArr["collocations"] = { I have a car = I have got a car = Io ho una macchina. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, free: false { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}, It is not imposed from outside. 'increment': 0.5, description : 'Search Oxford Learner\'s Dictionary of Academic English', iasLog("criterion : old_pc = dictionary"); googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, expires: 60 Have and have got can also be used with the preposition to. dictCodesArr["schulwoerterbuch_German-English"] = { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_mpuslot' }}]}]; }] * PEU 1765. In fact, it is not a real obligation. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971145', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, url : 'academic', { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_SR' }}, * OALD9,OALD10 'min': 3.05, The obligation comes from outside. }; var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([745, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], [1, 1], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], [1, 1], 'fluid']).build(); Its three forms are have, had, had. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}, partner: "uarus31" if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776306', position:'btf' }}, We use must not to say that something is not permitted or allowed, for example: Must is an auxiliary verb. The match will have started. }, }); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_leftslot_160x600' }}, Grammar: must, have to. name : 'English', { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_mpuslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220612', size: [300, 50] }}, Have is an irregular verb. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); pid: '94' } Quindi anche in questo caso have è ausiliare di un tempo composto. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_Billboard' }}, description : 'Search Das Oxford Schulw\u00F6rterbuch', bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776306', position:'btf' }}, Passengers must not undo their seat belts until the signs have been switched off. }); Ma nella forma negativa e in quella interrogativa le due strutture cambiano sensibilmente. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_mpuslot' }}]}]; }; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220623', size: [728, 90] }}, 1. var googletag = googletag || {}; }; var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); Vediamo quindi la coniugazione negativa e interrogativa di „to have” e „to have got”. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776448', position:'btf' }}, name : 'English-German', 1. Fill in the gaps using “have to”, “has to”, “don’t have to”, “doesn’t have to” We get up early on Mondays Mary go to school on Saturdays She wear glasses because she can’t see very well ; John tidy his bedroom before going to bed. * OCOLL googletag.cmd.push(function() { expires: 365 'min': 0, iasLog("criterion : old_ei = have-to"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220612', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220623', size: [728, 90] }}, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ free: true from English Grammar Today Have got to and have to mean the same. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529666' }}, Have to Do—Responsibilities Use "have to" in the past, present, and future to express responsibility or necessity. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776446', position:'btf' }}, She has a flat = She has got a flat = Lei ha un appartamento. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], [1, 1]] } }, Have to is NOT an auxiliary verb (it uses the verb have as a main verb). iasLog("setting page_url: - " + pageUrlSetting); url : 'schulwoerterbuch_German-English', }, storage: { It is followed by a main verb. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776308', position:'atf' }}, }], We use have (got) to here to refer to both verbs. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, dfpSlots['btmslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_btmslot', [], 'ad_btmslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776322', position:'atf' }}, Use have (got) to in the affirmative/positive form to talk about an obligation, or something that is necessary to do. }; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_mpuslot' }}, We use have (got) to here to refer to both verbs. We use have to to talk about the past. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220612', size: [320, 100] }}, 'increment': 0.05, 'cap': true { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195396', size: [300, 250] }},

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